Goal 16: Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies

Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.

This aims to promote peaceful societies at national levels, as well as the role of cooperation at the international level.

You can find further details on the topics aligned to peace, cooperation and justice in our entries on War and Peace, Terrorism, Military Spending, Nuclear Weapons, Homicides, Human Rights, Corruption and Violence Against & Rights for Children.

Target 16.1

Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

The charts below show rates of death across the world resultant from homicide (interpersonal violence), and from conflict and terrorism.

Target 16.2

End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.

Violations of children's rights — including violence and child labour — in addition to human trafficking remain tragically common across the world. The visuals below show rates of childhood violence, labour, sexual abuse and human trafficking across the world.

Additional information and data can be found at our entry on Violence Against & Rights for Children.

Target 16.3

Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all.

Target 16.5

Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.

Corruption is an issue imposing political, economic, and environmental costs to societies around the world. The effective functioning of institutions and political systems requires the development of trust and in transparent governance.

The illegal nature of corruption makes data collection and availability difficult. Below we present global trends in bribery incidence. Further details on Corruption can be found at our entry here.

Target 16.8

Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance.

Developing equal representation in international organizations between States is an important target of the United Nations. The charts below show the proportion of membership from developing countries across a range of international organizations, and the proportion of voting rights each country is allocated across such organizations.

Target 16.9

By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.

An important indicator of the effectiveness of governance and institutional systems is the completeness of basic records, including birth and death registrations. Ensuring human, legal rights and justice for all requires the acknowledgement of all within official records. The chart below shows the completeness of birth registration across the world.

Target 16.10

Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.

Open access to information and freedom of press represents an important institutional freedom. The charts below show the number of cases of killings of journalists and media personnel, and countries that adopt guarantees within policy and constitutions for public access to information.

Target 16.a

Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime.

The charts below show the share of countries that applied for accreditation within the Paris Principles for Human Rights Institutions, and those countries which have complied with these principles.